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TVOC and VOCs on the definition and standard in sports flooring
Nov 28, 2017

1.State-level standards SEPA (2002) in china


TVOC (Total Volatile Organic Compounds) The total volatile organic compounds were analyzed using a Tenax GC or Tenax TA nonpolar column (Polarity Index less than 10) for analysis with volatile organic compounds between n-hexane and n-hexadecane . (Article 3.3 of Indoor Air Quality Standard (GB / T 18883-2002)

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (2008)


VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) volatile organic compounds


At 101.3 kPa standard pressure, any organic compound with initial boiling point less than or equal to 250 ° C. ("Interior decoration materials, interior wall coatings harmful substances limit" (GB 18582-2008) Article 3.1)

MEP (2008)


Volatile organic compounds


Refers to the atmospheric pressure boiling point below 250 , or can be discharged into the air in the form of gaseous molecules of all organic compounds (excluding methane), abbreviated as VOCs. ("Synthetic Leather and Artificial Leather Industrial Pollutants Emission Standards" (GB 21902-2008) Article 3.10)

Environmental Standards Institute (2011)




Under normal conditions (20 ° C, 101.3kPa), organic chemicals with a vapor pressure above 0.1mmHg (13.3Pa) and boiling below 260 ° C (500 ° F). ("VOCs Regulations and Standards" (2011-08-17) academic definition)


2.Reference Standard Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department (2009)


(According to GB / T18883-2002 preparation instructions, TVOC refers to this law)


Section 2.6.2 Volatile Organic Compounds


Volatile organic compounds are compounds containing one or more carbon atoms that readily volatilize at normal room temperature and pressure. These compounds exist as a colorless gas in an indoor environment. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (1989) studied and tested more than 900 volatile organic compounds in indoor environments at concentrations exceeding 1 ppbv4.


Volatile organic compounds can enter outdoors indoors; building materials, detergents, cosmetics, waxes, mats, furniture, laser printers, copiers, adhesives and paints used indoors emit volatile organic compounds. If these substances exceed the normal background level briefly or for a long time, the indoor air quality may be affected.


The report "Consensus on Indoor Air Pollutants (Recognition Based on 1984 Level)" published by the World Health Organization Working Group lists commonly found volatile organic compounds in the indoor environment (see Table 2- 1).


Exposure to industrial environments containing high levels of volatile organic compounds has been shown to cause central nervous system, liver, kidney and blood poisoning in the body. Individual allergies to many volatile organic compounds may cause severe reactions even at low concentrations. These reactions can occur after a single exposure to the sensitizer or multiple exposures to the sensitizer, and even after the sensitization has taken place, the sensitivities may have been elicited. Prolonged exposure to low doses of sensitizers may also cause reactions. Some studies show that the following symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome are related to exposure to volatile organic compounds commonly found in commercial buildings:


Eye irritation: Feeling hot, dry, blisters, watery eyes


Larynx discomfort: feel throat dry


Breathing problems: shortness of breath, bronchial asthma


Headache, difficulty concentrating, dizziness, tiredness, irritability


Prolonged exposure to chemicals containing benzene (already listed as carcinogens) can increase the chance of developing cancer. Due to the current toxicity and sensory effects on various volatile organic compounds and their mixtures, there is a lack of full understanding and, as a general rule, exposure to volatile organic compounds should be minimized.


3. According to the World Health Organization, volatile organic compounds are defined as compounds having a boiling point between 50-100 ° C (lower limit) and 240-260 ° C (upper limit).


4. United States Environmental Protection Agency (published in 1989): "Congressional Reports on Indoor Air Quality," Air and Radiological Services / Research and Development Division co-prepared (EPA / 400 / 1-89 / 001).


Table 2-1 Common Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds

U.S. Federal Law (1996)


Article 40 Environmental Protection (Title 40 - Protection of Environment)




F Partition F - Procedural Requirements


Section 51.100 - Definitions (Biopharmaceutical Volatile Organic Compounds are defined in accordance with this definition in accordance with Annex B of DB 31 / 373-2006)

Volatile organic compounds (VOC)

means any compound of carbon,excluding carbon monoxide,carbon dioxide,carbonic acid,metallic carbides or carbonates,and ammonium carbonate,which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions.

This includes any such organic compound other than the following
which have been determined to have negligible photochemical reactivitymethaneethanemethylene chloride (dichloromethane)1,1,1-trichloroethane(methyl chloroform)1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane(CFC–113)trichlorofluoromethane(CFC–11)dichlorodifluoromethane(CFC–12)chlorodifluoromethane(HCFC–22)trifluoromethane(HFC–23)1,2-dichloro 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane(CFC–114)chloropentafluoroethane(CFC–115)1,1,1-trifluoro 2,2-dichloroethane(HCFC–123)1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane(HFC–134a)1,1-dichloro 1-fluoroethane(HCFC–141b)1-chloro 1,1-difluoroethane(HCFC–142b)2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane(HCFC–124)pentafluoroethane(HFC–125)1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane(HFC–134)1,1,1-trifluoroethane (HFC–143a)1,1-difluoroethane (HFC–152a)parachlorobenzotrifluoride (PCBTF)cyclicbranchedor linear completely methylated siloxanesacetoneperchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene) and perfluorocarbon compounds which fall into these classes

(i)Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated alkanes;

(ii)Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated ethers with no unsaturations;

(iii)Cyclic, branched, or linear, completely fluorinated tertiary amines with no unsaturations; and